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Academics

Sequence of Readings

The reading lists given below for each class offer an approximation of the primary texts that are read (usually entirely but sometimes in part) in a semester. There are variations from year to year. Occasionally a supporting text may be read or students may gather to watch a relevant film outside of class.


Philosophy & Humanities Seminars I & II:
Ancient Greece & Philosophical Inquiry

Readings for Part 1: The Ancient World

  • The Epic of Gilgamesh
  • Homer, Iliad, Odyssey
  • Hesiod, Theogony
  • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, Choephoroe, Eumenides, Promethius Bound, The Suppliants
  • Sophocles, Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone, Philoctetes
  • Euripides, The Bacchae, the Medea, Alcestis, Hippolytus
  • Aristophanes, Acharnians, The Clouds, Peace, Lysistrata, Frogs, Birds
  • Herodotus, The Histories
  • Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War
  • Plutarch, Theseus, Solon, Cimon, Nicias, Themisticles, Aristides, Lycurgas, Pericles, Alcibiades, Alexander
  • Plato, Euthyphro, Philebus, Timaeus, Meno, Phaedrus, Republic, Apology, Crito, Phaedo, Laws
  • Aristotle, Ethics, Politics, Poetics
  • Selected books from the Old Testament


Readings for Part 2: Introduction to Philosophical Inquiry

  • Golding, Lord of the Flies
  • Dostoevsky, The Grand Inquisitor from The Brothers Karamazov
  • Freud, The Future of an Illusion
  • Tocqueville, Democracy in America
  • Camus, The Stranger
  • St. Exupery, Wind, Sand and Stars
  • Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil
  • Frankl, Mans Search for Meaning
  • Pieper, Leisure, the Basis of Culture
  • The Venerable John Paul II, Fides et Ratio
  • Guardini, The Death of Socrates


Philosophy & Humanities Seminar III:
Greece, Rome, and the Birth of Christianity

  • The Presocratics, Fragments
  • Aristotle, Physics, Metaphysics, De anima
  • Sacred Scripture, I & II Maccabees
  • Plutarch, Alexander, Marius, Sulla,  Caesar, Crassus, Pompey, Cicero, Coriolanus, Marcus Brutus, Antony
  • Livy, The Early History of Rome
  • Polybius, The Rise of the Roman Empire
  • Cicero, Catilinarian Orations, Philippicae
  • Sallust, The Conspiracy of Catiline
  • Caesar,The Conquest of Gaul
  • Vergil, Aeneid
  • Horace, Epodes, Odes
  • Suetonius, Life of Horace
  • Ovid, Metamorphoses
  • Seneca, On the Tranquility of Mind
  • Sacred Scripture, Selections from the New Testament
  • The Martyrdom of St. Polycarp of Smyrna
  • The Martyrdom of Sts. Perpetua & Felicity
  • St. Justin Martyr, First Apology
  • St. Irenaeus of Lyons, Against Heresies
  • Origen, Commentary on the Song of Songs, On Prayer
  • St. Athanasius, On the Incarnation, The Life of Antony
  • St. Syncletica,Sayings
  • St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Procatechesis, Catecheses, Mystagogic Catecheses
  • Egeria, Itinerarium
  • St. Augustine, Confessions, De doctrina Christiana, City of God, Sermons on the Psalms
  • Prudentius, Psychomachia
  • Ambrosian Chant
  • Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, The Mystical Theology

Philosophy & Humanities Seminar IV:
The Medieval Flowering of Christendom

  • Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy
  • St. Benedict, Rule
  • St. Gregory, Life of St. Benedict
  • Beowulf, Wanderer, Seafarer, Dream of the Rood, The Ruin, Battle of Maldon, Song of Roland
  • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight  (+ Arthurian material)
  • Readings from St. Anselm and Gaunilo
  • Blessed Hildegard of Bingen, Ordo virtutum
  • St. Bonaventure, Life of St. Francis, The Mind's Road to God
  • Abelard, O quanta qualia
  • Blessed Jacobus de Voragine, The Golden Legend
  • Readings from Alfarabi & Maimonides
  • St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologiae
  • Readings from Giles of Rome, John of Paris, Marsilius of Padua, Ockham and Fortescue
  • Selected chansons from the Troubadours
  • Everyman, Second Shepherd's Play, Abraham and Isaac.
  • Dante, La Vita Nuova, La Divina Commedia, Letter to Can Grande
  • Machaut, Messe de Nostre Dame, Rose liz
  • Scotus, "On Metaphysics"
  • The Limbourg brothers, Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
  • Chaucer, Canterbury Tales
  • Selections from the Old and New Testaments

Philosophy & Humanities Seminar V:
Renaissance, Reformation, Catholic Renewal, & the Early Modern Stage

  • Petrarch, "Letter to Posterity", "The Ascent of Mount Ventoux", Canzoniere
  • Pico della Mirandola, Oration on the Dignity of Man
  • St. Thomas More, Utopia
  • Columbus, "The Journal of Christopher Columbus"
  • Erasmus, In Praise of Folly, The Freedom of the Will
  • Luther, The Bondage of the Will and other writings
  • Calvin, Institutes
  • St. John Fisher, A Spiritual Consolation
  • St. Thomas More, A Dialogue of Comfort Against Tribulation
  • Southwell, An Epistle of Comfort
  • St. Ignatius of Loyola, The Spiritual Exercises
  • St. Teresa of Avila, Vida, The Interior Castle
  • Thomas Kempis, The Imitation of Christ
  • Decrees from the Council of Trent
  • St. John of the Cross, Poems
  • St. Frances de Sales, Introduction to the Devout Life
  • Palestrina, Pope Marcellus Mass
  • Montaigne, That to Philosophize Is to Learn How to Die
  • Machiavelli, The Prince, Discourses, Mandragola
  • Marlowe, Dr. Faustus
  • Shakespeare, Selected sonnets, Macbeth, Hamlet, The Tempest, Henry V, King Lear, Twelfth Night, The Winters Tale, Othello, Romeo and Juliet, Richard II, Henry IV, Part 1, Midsummer Night's Dream, Merchant of Venice, The Tempest, Julius Caesar, Coriolanus, & Antony and Cleopatra
  • Donne, Selected Poems
  • Cavalier poets, selected poems
  • Calderon del la Barca, Life Is a Dream, The Great Theater of the World
  • Corneille, Le Cid
  • Balthasar Gracian, The Art of Worldly Wisdom

Philosophy & Humanities Seminar VI:
The Dialectics of Enlightenment

  • Kant, "What is Enlightenment?"
  • Cervantes, Don Quixote, Selection
  • Bartolem de Las Casas, "Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies"
  • Selected Slave Narratives
  • Bradstreet, Selected Poems
  • Hobbes, Leviathan
  • Bossuet, Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture
  • Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy
  • Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Second Treatise of Government
  • Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
  • Berkeley, from the Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
  • The American Puritans: Their Prose and Poetry
  • Milton, When I consider how my light is spent, Areopagitica, Paradise Lost
  • Pascal, Pensées
  • Molire, ""The Misanthrope
  • Racine, Iphigenia
  • Swift, Satirical Works
  • Leibniz, Essays on Theodicy
  • Voltaire, Candide
  • dAlembert, Preliminary Discourse
  • Johnson, "Plan of a Dictionary of the English Language", "Preface to Shakespeare"
  • Rousseau, Discourse on Inequality, The Social Contract
  • Smith, Wealth of Nations
  • The Declaration of Independence
  • The Articles of Confederation
  • Selected Federalist and Antifederalist Papers
  • The United States Constitution
  • Speeches and Decrees from the French Revolution
  • Burke, "Reflections on the Revolution in France"
  • Kant, Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, Groundwork to the Metaphysics of Morals
  • Hegel, The Philosophy of History
  • Tocqueville, Democracy in America, The Old Regime
  • Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter, "Young Goodman Brown," "The Birthmark"
  • Emerson, "Self-Reliance," "The Over-Soul," "Divinity School Address"
  • Melville, Moby Dick
  • Thoreau, Walden, "Civil Disobedience"
  • Flaubert, Madame Bovary
  • Dostoevsky, Crime and Punishment
  • Selected Speeches: Calhoun, Webster, Lincoln
  • Selected Court Cases
  • The Lincoln-Douglas Debates
  • Mark Twain, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Philosophy & Humanities Seminars VII & VIII:
Late Modernity and Postmodernity

  • Arendt, On Revolution
  • Dostoevsky, The Possessed
  • Marx, The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, Theses on Feuerbach
  • Kierkegaard, Philosophical Fragments, Fear and Trembling
  • The Venerable John Henry Newman, Apologia pro vita sua
  • St. Therese of Lisieux, Story of a Soul
  • Documents of the First Vatican Council
  • Hopkins, "The Wreck of the Deutschland", "Pied Beauty", "God's Grandeur"
  • Whitman, "Song of Myself"
  • Dickinson, selected poems
  • Chesterton, The Napoleon of Notting Hill
  • Sojourner Truth, "Ain't I a Woman?"
  • Douglass, "What to the Slave is the fourth of July?"
  • Washington, "Up From Slavery"
  • Du Bois, "Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others", "The Parting of the Ways", "The Talented Tenth: Memorial Address"P
  • Conrad, Lord Jim; Heart of Darkness
  • Twelve Southerners, I'll Take My Stand: The South and the Agrarian Tradition
  • Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy, Thus Spoke Zarathustra
  • Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents, The Interpretation of Dreams, selections
  • Heidegger, Being and Time
  • Pound, "Salutation", and "Ballad of the Goodly Fere", "What I Feel About Walt Whitman", "The Tradition", "James Joyce, At Last the Novel Appears", and "Paris Letter, May 1922"
  • Joyce, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, selections from Ulysses
  • Eliot, The Waste Land
  • Crane, The Bridge
  • Stravinsky, Oedipus Rex
  • GarcÍa-Marquez, One Hundred Years of Solitude
  • Porter "Flowering Judas"
  • O'Connor, "Revelation"
  • Hemingway, The Sun Also Rises
  • James, The Beast in the Jungle,
  • Voeglin, The New Science of Politics
  • selections from Jung
  • Wilder, Our Town
  • Copland, Suite from Our Town
  • O'Neill, Mourning Becomes Electra
  • Tate, "Ode to the Confederate Dead"
  • Lowell, "For the Union Dead"
  • Copland & Graham, Appalachian Spring
  • Frost, "Dust of Snow", "The Rose Family", "The Line Gang"
  • Carter, settings of Dust of Snow, The Rose Family, and The Line Gang
  • Belloc, The Servile State
  • Chaplin, Modern Times
  • Kafka, The Metamorphosis
  • Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby
  • Huxley, Brave New World
  • Camus, The Rebel
  • Arendt, Totalitarianism
  • Riefenstahl, Triumph of the Will
  • Levi, Survival in Auschwitz
  • Celan, "Todesfuge"
  • Sauvage, Weapons of the Spirit
  • Resnais, Night and Fog
  • Solzhenitsyn, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
  • Selections from Sartre, Camus, Jaspers, Marcel, and Ricoeur
  • Sartre, Existentialism is a Humanism
  • Heidegger, "The Letter on Humanism"
  • Beckett, "Waiting for Godot"
  • Benjamin, "The Concept of History"
  • Adorno, Negative Dialectics
  • Foucault, "What is Enlightenment?"
  • DeLubac, Henri, Drama of Atheist Humanism, Paradoxes
  • King, Letter from the Birmingham Jail
  • MacIntyre, After Virtue
  • Vaclav Havel, "The Power of the Powerless"
  • The Documents of the Second Vatican Council
  • Blessed Pope John Paul II, Fides et ratio
  • Pope Benedict XVI, Deus caritas est, Spe salvi

Revelation and Sacred Scripture

  • CCC (2nd Rev. Ed.) nn. 1-1065
  • The Companion to the Catechism of the Catholic Church
  • The Holy Bible (RSV, 1st Catholic Ed.)
  • Selected sermons and biblical commentaries from the Church Fathers
  • Daniel Harrington, S.J., How do Catholics Read the Bible?
  • Yves Congar, O.P., Tradition and Traditions: An Historical and Theological Essay
  • Joseph Ratzinger, ‘In the Beginning…’: A Catholic Understanding of the Story of Creation and the Fall

Apologetics

  • Bl. John Paul II, Fides et Ratio
  • John Cottingham, Why Believe?
  • C.S. Lewis, The Problem of Pain
  • Stephen M. Barr, Modern Physics and Ancient Faith
  • Janet Smith, Humanae Vitae: A Generation Later
  • Stephen T. Davis, “Was Jesus Mad, Bad, or God?”
  • Jeffrey E. Brower & Michael Rea, “Understanding the Trinity”
  • Peter Kreeft & Ronald Tacelli, Handbook of Catholic Apologetics: Reasoned Answers to Questions of Faith

Catholic Moral Teaching

  • CCC 1691-2557
  • Bl. John Paul II, Veritatis Splendor, Evangelium Vitae, Familiaris Consortio
  • Pope Benedict XVI, Caritas in Veritate
  • Pope Pius XI, Casti Connubii
  • Pope Paul VI, Humanae Vitae
  • Karol Wojtyla (John Paul II), Love and Responsibility
  • Servais Pinckaers, O.P., Morality: The Catholic View
  • Amy & Leon Kass (eds.), Wing to Wing, Oar to Oar: Readings on Courting and Marrying
  • Matthew Levering (ed.), On Marriage and Family: Classic and Contemporary Texts

Trinitarian Theology & Christology

  • St. Athanasius, On the Incarnation, Orations against the Arians
  • Eusebius, Letter from the Council of Nicaea
  • St. Gregory of Nyssa, An Answer to Ablabius: That we should not Think that There are Three Gods, The Catechetical Oration [The Great Catechism]
  • St. Basil, On the Holy Spirit
  • St. Ambrose, On the Holy Spirit
  • Nestorius, First Sermon against the Theotokos
  • St. Cyril of Alexandria, Second Letter to Nestorius, On the Unity of Christ
  • Pope St. Leo the Great, Epistle to Flavian
  • St. Augustine, De Trinitate
  • St. Anselm, Cur Deus Homo
  • St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae Ia, qq. 27-43 (selections); IIIa, qq. 1-8, & 46-48
  • Bl. John Duns Scotus, Ordinatio III, d. 7, q. 3
  • Hans urs von Balthasar, Does Jesus Know Us—Do We Know Him?
  • Karl Rahner, The Trinity
  • Yves Congar, I Believe in the Holy Spirit
  • Bl. John Paul II, Redemptor Hominis
  • Pope Benedict XVI, Jesus of Nazareth (Parts 1 & 2)

Ecclesial & Eucharistic Communion

  • CCC 1066-1134 & 1322-1419
  • Lumen Gentium
  • Redemptionis Sacramentum
  • Bl. John Paul II, Ecclesia de Eucharistia
  • Pope Benedict XVI, Sacramentum Caritatis
  • Joseph Ratizinger, Called to Communion: Understanding the Church Today
  • Avery Dulles, Magisterium: Teacher and Guardian of the Faith
  • St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae IIIa, qq. 73-83 (Treatise on the Eucharist)
  • Abbot Anscar Vonier, A Key to the Doctrine of the Eucharist
  • Roch Kereszty, Wedding Feast of the Lamb: Eucharistic Theology from a Historical, Biblical, and Systematic Perspective

Sacramental & Liturgical Life in Christ

  • CCC 1135-1321 & 1420-1691 & 2558-2865
  • Cyril of Jerusalem, Lectures on the Christian Sacraments
  • Egeria, Itinerarium
  • General Instruction of the Roman Missal
  • Joseph Jungmann, The Mass of the Roman Rite
  • Eric Palazzo, A History of Liturgical Books
  • Jean Corbon, Wellspring of Worship
  • Joseph Ratzinger, The Spirit of the Liturgy

Quadrivium: Music I & II

  • Sacred Scripture
  • Missal Gregorian
  • Jubilate Deo
  • Homer, The Odyssey
  • Hesiod, Theogony, Works and Days
  • Plato, Republic, Timaeus, Phaedo
  • Aristotle, Politics
  • St. Clement of Alexandria, Protrepticus, Paedagogus
  • St. Basil the Great, Homily on Psalm I
  • St. Augustine, Confessions
  • Pope St. Pius X, Tra le Sollecitudini
  • The Venerable Pope Pius XII, Mediator Dei, De musica sacra et sacra liturgia
  • The Fathers of the Second Vatican Council, Sacrosanctum concilium
  • Sacred Congregation of Rites, Musicam sacram
  • The Venerable Pope John Paul II, Chirograph on Sacred Music
    Ratzinger, Selected writings on sacred music and the liturgy
  • USCCB, Sing to the Lord: Music in Divine Worship
  • Catechism of the Catholic Church
  • Worship
  • Kerman & Tomlinson, Listen
  • Benward & Saker, Music in Theory and Practice

Art I & II

  • Arnheim, Art and Visual Perception
  • Feynman, Color Vision, Mechanisms of Seeing
  • Held, Plasticity in Sensory-Motor Systems

Trivium: Logic

  • Aristotle, Categories, On Interpretation, Prior Analytics, Posterior Analytics, Topics, Sophistical Refutations
  • Porphyry, Isagoge

Quadrivium: Euclidean Geometry

  • Euclid, Elements

Quadrivium:Astronomy

  • Ptolemy, Almagest
  • Copernicus, On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
  • Kepler, Epitome of Copernican Astronomy
  • Galileo, Starry Messenger
  • Descartes, Discourse on Method
  • Bacon, The New Organon

Quadrivium: Physics

  • Galileo, Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences
  • Newton, Principia, Selected Letters
  • Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics
  • Einstein, Relativity
  • Heisenberg, The History of Quantum Theory from Physics and Philosophy
  • Selected papers from The Scientific American

Biology

  • Aristotle, History of Animals, On Generation and Corruption, Parts of Animals, De anima
  • Margulis, Five Kingdoms
  • St. Augustine, De Genesi ad litteram
  • Darwin, Origin of Species
  • Dawkins, The Selfish Gene
  • Gould, The Pandas Thumb
  • Lack, Darwins Finches
  • Eiseley, The Immense Journey
  • Augros & Stanciu, The New Biology
  • Mendel, Experiments in Plant Hybridization
  • Watson, The Double Helix
  • Hofstadter, Metamagical Themas
  • Rock, Perception
  • McCulloch, Embodiments of Mind
  • Tinbergen, The Shell Menace
  • Lorenz, The Foundations of Ethology, King Solomon's Ring
  • Fabre, The Insect World of J. Henri Fabre
  • Frisch, Dialects in the Language of the Bees
  • Frisch & Lindauer, The Language and Orientation of the Honey Bee
  • Sacks, The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat
  • Penfield, The Mystery of the Mind
  • Other selected articles from scientific journals

Comparative Non-Western Cultures

  • Nakamura, Ways of Thinking of Eastern Peoples: India, China, Tibet, Japan
  • Standing Bear, Land of the Spotted Eagle
  • The Bhagavad Gita
  • The Dhammapada
  • The Upanishads
  • Befu, Japan: An Anthropological Introduction
  • Chuang Tzu, The Inner Chapters
  • Confucius, Analects
  • Hsu, Americans and Chinese
  • Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
  • Rowley, Principles of Chinese Painting
  • Fenollosa, The Chinese Written Character as a Medium for Poetry
  • Suzuki, Zen and Japanese Culture
  • The Quran